Synonym(s): Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.
Duration and Habit: Perennial shrub
Trifoliate orange is a deciduous shrub or small tree that grows from 8-30 ft. (2.4-9.1 m) in height. The leaves are alternate, compound (trifoliate), up to 2 in. (5.1 cm) long and have a winged petiole. The twigs are green with stout, 1 in. (2.5 cm) long thorns. The bark is conspicuously green-striped. Spring flowers are white, 5-petaled, 1-2 in. (2.5-5.1 cm) in diameter and showy. Fruit is a 1.5-2 in. (3.8-5.1 cm) diameter, dull yellow, sticky orange (berry).
Ecological Threat: Trifoliate orange invades woodlands, forest edges, fence rows and urban green spaces.
Biology & Spread:
U.S. Habitat: woodlands, forest edges, fence rows and urban green spaces.
U.S. Nativity: Introduced
U.S. Present: AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV
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