Lissachatina fulica Bowdich (Giant African snail, giant African land snail )


Andrew Derksen,




Class: Gastropoda

Order: Stylommatophora

Family: Achatinidae

Synonym(s): Achatina fulica

Description: Large terrestrial snail that can reach up to 8 inches in lenth and nearly 5 inches in diameter. The brownish shellcovers at least half the length of the snail.

History: Imported as pets and for educational purposes; may also arrive accidentally in cargo. First established population was found in 1966.

Biology: Human introductions

Ecological Threat: Damages native plants and crops. Scientists consider the giant African snail, Achatina fulica, to be one of the most damaging snails in the world. It is known to eat at least 500 different types of plants.

US Habitat: Terrestrial moist areas.


Native Origin: Africa

US States: Only found in Miami, FL. Not currently found in TX.

If you believe you have found a giant African snail please report this species.


Management: Call the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service at 1-800-703-4457.

Text References

USDA APHIS PPQ. National Invasive Species Information Center. Animal Profile: Giant African Snail. Accessed 05 January 2012.

Giant African snail

Data Source


Last Updated: 12-05-2013 by JDB