Family: Poaceae (Grass Family)
Duration and Habit: Perennial Grass/Grasslike
Annuals or, if perennials, then usually rhizomatous or stoloniferous; culms solid. Sheaths open, slightly compressed; ligule membranous, entire; blades usually flat, often broad, margins scabrous, nonauriculate. Inflorescence a panicle of 1 to numerous unilateral spicate or racemose branches; spikelets subsessile or short-pedicellate, borne in pairs or singly in 2 rows on 1 side of a flattened, occasionally broadly winged rachis, dorsally compressed, plano-convex, 2-flowered, the first floret sterile, the second floret perfect, disarticulating below the glumes; glumes unequal, first glume usually absent, second glume and first lemma usually subequal, broad and rounded at apex and slightly exceeding second lemma; second lemma usually obtuse, rounded on the back, indurate, smooth, glossy, indistinctly nerved, the margins inrolled and clasping the palea, apex awnless; palea broad, flat or slightly convex and of similar texture to lemma; stamens 3. Caryopsis strongly flattened dorsally, suborbicular to broadly ovoid-ellipsoid
Ecological Threat: It forms dense mats of vegetation, spreading by large, coarse stolons
Biology & Spread:
History: commonly used for lawns and pastures
U.S. Nativity: Native and Introduced to U.S.
Native Origin: Mexico, West Indies, S. Amer. (NatureServe Explorer)
U.S. Present: AL, AR, CA, FL, GA, IL, LA, MS, NC, NJ, OK, PR, SC, TN, TX, VA, VI
List All Observations of Paspalum notatum reported by Citizen Scientists
Lorence, David/Flynn, Tim. 1999. New naturalized plant records for the Hawaiian Islands. In: Evenhuis, Neal L. and Eldredge, Lucius G., eds. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 1998. Part 2: Notes. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers. 59:3-6.
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. 1999. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. Revised edition. Bernice P. Bishop Museum special publication. University of Hawaii Press/Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu. 1919 pp. (two volumes).
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