Synonym(s): Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.
Duration and Habit: Perennial shrub
Trifoliate orange is a deciduous shrub or small tree that grows from 8-30 ft. (2.4-9.1 m) in height. The leaves are alternate, compound (trifoliate), up to 2 in. (5.1 cm) long and have a winged petiole. The twigs are green with stout, 1 in. (2.5 cm) long thorns. The bark is conspicuously green-striped. Spring flowers are white, 5-petaled, 1-2 in. (2.5-5.1 cm) in diameter and showy. Fruit is a 1.5-2 in. (3.8-5.1 cm) diameter, dull yellow, sticky orange (berry).
Native Lookalikes: Currently no information available here yet, or there are no native Texas species that could be confused with Trifoliate orange.
Ecological Threat: Trifoliate orange invades woodlands, forest edges, fence rows and urban green spaces.
Biology & Spread:
U.S. Habitat: woodlands, forest edges, fence rows and urban green spaces.
U.S. Nativity: Introduced
U.S. Present: AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV
Distribution in Texas:
List All Observations of Poncirus trifoliata reported by Citizen Scientists
Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health Bugwood Network.
Google Search: Poncirus trifoliata
Google Images: Poncirus trifoliata
NatureServe Explorer: Poncirus trifoliata
USDA Plants: Poncirus trifoliata
Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States: Poncirus trifoliata
Bugwood Network Images: Poncirus trifoliata